INVESTIGATION OF TSUNAMI IMPACTED AREA FROM ANAK KRAKATOA VOLCANIC ERUPTION
Keywords:Anak Krakatoa, Tsunami, Vegetation belts, Numerical simulation, GIS Analysis
The eruption of Anak Krakatoa Volcano is assumed to be the cause to generate tsunami wave; it can also be assumed that the wave source is only about 50.3 km from the coast. The interesting point is that the propagation of the tsunami wave was not caused by an earthquake but rather by volcanic material from Anak Krakatoa Volcano which slid into the sea. An investigation was conducted using spatial analysis of coastal areas around Tanjung Lesung, Banten with GIS analysis. While the propagation of tsunami waves was calculated from Anak Krakatoa Volcano that was projected towards Tanjung Lesung, Banten. These analyses were done to obtain assumptions of the wave velocity and propagation time from the center of the wave to the coastal area. The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of the vegetation belts as tsunami mitigation. This study used a 2D numerical simulation wave based on a VOF method. The numerical simulation calculated the interaction between the bore wave propagation and the vegetation belts. Numerical analysis was done to estimate the altitude and velocity of tsunami waves toward the coastal area of Tanjung Lesung. By comparing the results of the spatial and numerical analysis, the delineation of the tsunami-affected area on 31 December 2018 can be determined.