SHEAR RESISTANCE IMPROVEMENT OF OIL-CONTAMINATED BALLAST LAYER WITH RUBBER SHRED INCLUSIONS

Authors

  • Chee-Ming Chan
  • Siti Farhanah S.M Johan

Keywords:

ballasted track, oil-contamination, rubber shreds, shear box test, settlement, displacement

Abstract

Railway ballast, which form an integral part of rail tracks, is highly susceptible to subsistence
due to both vibration transmitted by the passing trains, as well as the breakage of ballasts with repeated
impact. The resulting subsistence necessitates regular monitoring and maintenance, involving cost- and timeconsuming remedial actions, such as stone-blowing and ballast renewal. Measures to minimize the wear and
tear effect are therefore desirable to prolong the lifespan of the ballast layer. It is even more critical when the
ballast is contaminated with oil and grease from braking wheels and leakages. This paper describes the
inclusion of rubber shreds (≤10 mm in length, 1.5 mm thick) derived from the inner tubes of motorcycle tyres
in oil-contaminated ballast layer for shear resistance improvement. The tests are mainly carried out in a
standard direct shear test setup, i.e. shear box measuring 60 mm x 60 mm. Granitic stones of suitable sizes
were sieved and used as representative samples of typical ballast. The samples were soaked in lubricant oil
for 14 days to simulate the contamination. The direct shear test results indicated rubber shreds inclusion
could effectively improve the shear resistance of ballast and expedient in deformation control with increased
ductility of the composites. This could potentially improve absorption of impact, hence reduction of
breakages of the ballasts. Clearly both mechanisms contribute to the overall reduced subsistence,
accompanied by an increase in the shear resistance. However, further investigations in a dynamic test setup
are necessary for verifications prior to field implementation.

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Published

2021-11-20

How to Cite

Chee-Ming Chan, & Siti Farhanah S.M Johan. (2021). SHEAR RESISTANCE IMPROVEMENT OF OIL-CONTAMINATED BALLAST LAYER WITH RUBBER SHRED INCLUSIONS. GEOMATE Journal, 11(27), 2723–2729. Retrieved from https://geomatejournal.com/geomate/article/view/2762