GROUNDWATER VULNERABILITY OF THAILAND’S LOWER CHAO PHRAYA BASIN
Keywords:Drastic, Climate change, Groundwater vulnerability, Groundwater resource, Groundwater resources planning
Since global warming effects water resources, especially, surface water sources, groundwater
is an essential water source, when facing the critical drought. Groundwater is less sensitive than surface water
because groundwater response is delayed. However, groundwater may face critical drought and shortage.
Groundwater vulnerability is a tool to identify critical areas for maintaining water quantity and quality. The
Fuzzy-Catastrophe-based DRASTIC model, drought persistence and several climate scenarios were combined
to estimate the vulnerability on the confined aquifers of Thailand’s Lower Chao Phraya (LCP) basin. Thus,
critical areas that may face groundwater shortage were identified. Our analysis predicted that most of the basin
would have few effects on climate change. However, vulnerability maps showed that 5% of the basin may be
critical areas that may show groundwater shortage, especially, drought persistent areas with low rainfall.
Generated maps identify ‘hotspots’ and can help decisions on groundwater development and economic growth
and aid planning policy.