• Agus Suharyanto
  • Ery Suhartanto
  • Surya Budi Lesmana


Morphometric, Elongation ratio, Form factor, Shape factor, Circularity ratio


One of the important physical characteristics of watersheds is morphometry. Watershed shape
is one the earth surface morphometric features. The watershed shape has a strong relation with the characteristic
peak discharge and land erosion. Therefore, the watershed shape due to the strong relation between watershed
shape and peak discharge and land erosion must be classified. Watershed shape can be classified based on
morphometric analysis from the perspective of linear, areal, and relief aspects. In this paper the watershed
located at Serayu-Bogowonto river basin was classified into four categories based on areal aspect. The areal
aspects used to classify the watershed included Gravelius’s index, form factor, shape index, shape factor,
circularity ratio, elongation ratio, and compactness coefficient. Four categories of watershed shapes (circular,
oval, semi-oval, and elongated) were applied in this research. Seventeen watersheds at Serayu-Bogowonto
river basin were selected as samples in the classification process. The Geographical Information System (GIS)
technique was applied to generate watershed geometric properties such as, river length, watershed perimeter,
area, diameter, and watershed length. Based on the analysis process, watersheds with broad and wide shape
were difficult to classify. Such watersheds can be classified as circular, oval, semi-oval, and elongated. Finally,
these watersheds can be classified under one category based on morphometric analysis results combined with
the watershed figure. From the 17 watersheds, 5 were classified as circular, 3 as oval, 5 as semi-oval, and 4 as
elongated shapes. GIS is a powerful tool for the analysis relating to watershed morphometric parameters.




How to Cite

Agus Suharyanto, Ery Suhartanto, & Surya Budi Lesmana. (2020). WATERSHED MORPHOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION ANALYSIS USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM. GEOMATE Journal, 19(74), 114–122. Retrieved from https://geomatejournal.com/geomate/article/view/1856