EVALUATION OF ANIONIC COMPONENTS OF LEAD ON BIOTOXICITY AND BIOACCUMULATION ABILITY IN RESPECT OF PROBIOTIC STAMPS
Keywords:Bioaccumulation, Biotoxicity, Lead, Probiotic strains
Lead is one of the most dangerous xenobiotic elements. It is actively accumulated not only in the environment, the distribution of lead in the water-soil-plant-animal-man chain directly depends on the initial content of elements in the geochemical province and is directly related to the health of the population. . This paper presents the results of a study of the biotoxicity of lead cations in the structure of salts with different anionic components in relation to bacteria of the genus Bacillus, which are part of the probiotic preparations.These microorganisms are representatives of the soil microflora and are transitory to the organism of animals and humans. When conducting research, methods such as the agar wells were used, which not only visually but also qualitatively evaluate the effect of metal cations on the growth of the microorganisms studied, the colorimetric method was used to assess the effect of the element under study on the growth of the microorganism population, and the atomic absorption method made it possible to study accumulating characteristics of the studied bacteria. As a result of research, it has been established that lead acetate has a more pronounced toxic effect on the microorganisms under study. It should be noted that lead, which is present in the medium in high concentrations, does not have an inhibitory effect on bacterial strains; we associate this with the detoxification mechanisms of bacteria. The accumulating ability of microorganisms of the Bacillus genus of lead cations from nutrient substrates 24 hours after their cultivation in the presence of this element has high sorption characteristics with a percentage of its accumulation of more than 50%, the most active lead accumulates B. subtilis 534 with 66.3%, and the minimum values were recorded in B. amyloliquefaciens 10642 and amounted to 53.2%.