THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF NANO-MONTMORILLONITE AND HALLOYSITE NANOCLAY TO THE WORKABILITY AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
Keywords:Concrete, Additives, Nanoclay, Workability, Compressive strength
In consideration of higher specifications for concrete, particularly in strength, the proportion of ingredients is usually modified to satisfy the mix design requirements. However, its practicality is not always appropriate in construction because of the expense and availability of the materials. Hence, additives and supplementary materials are adopted in the mix design with present studies directed to the application of nanoclay constituents to concrete technology. Consequently, the study is concerned with the utilization of nano-montmorillonite and halloysite nanoclay as partial substitutes to cement in which the workability and compressive strength of concrete are investigated at combined replacements of these nanoclays. The results show that the workability of fresh concrete generally decreased at the addition of nanoclay in the mix wherein a maximum loss of 50.000 % in the slump is observed for 5% replacement of the nanoclay combination. In addition, a 28th-day compressive strength of 44.541 MPa is achieved as the highest among the concrete samples at 3% replacement which demonstrates an increase by 27.430 % compared to a control specimen with a strength of 34.954 MPa. It is also recognized that there is a parabolic trend of compressive strength with respect to the amount of nanoclay replacement which indicates that the strength of concrete continues to increase until the optimal value of nanoclay replacement is attained. It is established that the optimal replacement of nanoclay combination for a curing period of 28 days is 2.562 % corresponding to a theoretical peak value of 46.060 MPa.