RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMER DEMAND RESPONSE PROGRAM IN MICROGRID SYSTEM: A SURVEY LITERATURE
Keywords:Residential customers demand response, Load and power supply balancing, Electricity price, Incentives, Efficiency, Home energy management system
Electricity supply in microgrid power systems often faces limited power supply constraints.
Besides adding more power generation and organizing power plants scheduling, efforts to balance supply and
power requirements in the power system can be made by regulating the amount of electrical load. Demandside management (DSM) program can be done to control energy consumption and limit peak loads. The
demand response (DR), as one of the DSM program, can be implemented to regulate the electric load to balance
supply and demand. Residential customers demand response is a program that aims to reduce peak load by
shifting or shedding residential electricity loads. This load reduction method has been used to control the peak
load to be able to adjust to power supply conditions. This paper presents a literature survey of articles that
address the application of DR for residential customers. The study uses the assumption that majority of
electrical loads in microgrid systems are residential customers. It is expected that a balance between supply
and demand for electricity in the power system can be achieved through demand response activities for
residential customers. Here, a review of effective demand response methods is performed to precisely and
accurately regulate the use of electricity by residential customers to limit peak load and control electrical energy
consumption. In the end, this paper also discusses the possible implementation of demand response method for
residential customers on a microgrid system.