PEDESTRIAN SIMULATION OF METRO RAIL TRANSIT (MRT) LINE 7 STATION 1-NORTH AVENUE STATION, QUEZON CITY, PHILIPPINES
Keywords:Pedestrian simulation, Rail transit system, Simio, Level of service
Simulation of pedestrian flow represents an advanced approach in modeling and evaluating train
stations. In this study, pedestrian simulation was done using the simulation software Simio to assess the
passenger capacity of MRT 7 Station 1-North Avenue Station through level of service (LOS), queuing system,
and train facility utilization. This paper presents the actual situation inside the train station while predicting the
behavior of queuing pedestrians and provides an accurate estimate of the volume-to-capacity ratio of passengers
entering the station. The study’s approach debugged the conventional assignments of pedestrians currently used
in the field. The constructed three-dimensional building of the North Avenue Station served as framework for
the simulation. Sources, sinks, servers, and paths of the software were the main elements of the simulation.
Each library was defined by their time usage based on data gathered. Time usages of 1.21 sec. and 240 sec. for
sources and sinks, respectively, were used in the simulation. Servers were defined by the train facilities utilized
in the simulation, namely, automatic ticketing machines (TVM) with time usage of 43 seconds, ticketing toll
gates with 1.4 seconds, and manual ticketing windows (BOM) with 20 seconds. In addition to the libraries,
pathsthat provided the flow, direction, and distribution of pedestrians were calibrated using 10% for TVM users,
35% for BOM users, and 55% for others (regular tickets, beep cards, promo trips) based on data obtained.
Simulation results showed that the new proposed plan has a higher passenger capacity than the original plan.