ENHANCED SAFE CONDUCT AND PREPARATION FOR EFFECTIVE EVACUATION (ESCAPEE) USING GAMA
Keywords:Evacuation, Fire, Agent based model, Hospitals, GAMA Platform
Hospitals are essential structures with the purpose of providing healthcare and assistance especially during disasters. These facilities are also prone to fire due to the presence of electrical equipment, oxygen tanks, chemicals, and other flammable materials. In an event of a fire, the layout of the hospital must be able to provide an effective evacuation. In this paper, the evacuation of ten emergency rooms (ER) was simulated. The simulation for the rooms utilized an agent-based model (ABM) by using GAMA Platform.
Varying densities were simulated per ER and a fire simulation was done. The simulations resulted to total evacuation time for the different ERs and the mortality rate considering a fire inside the room. The results show that the number of occupants affected the evacuation time by 10 to 20 seconds. In addition, there is also a weak correlation between the area of the ER and the evacuation time. Based on observation of the simulations, the location of the exits, the number of exits and the layout of the emergency rooms play a significant role in safe evacuation.