2D INVERSION AND STATIC SHIFT OF MT AND TEM DATA FOR IMAGING THE GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES OF SEULAWAH AGAM VOLCANO, INDONESIA
Keywords:Static shift, Magnetotelluric, Time domain electromagnetic, Geothermal exploration
In order to increase the geothermal exploration, the magnetotelluric (MT) method has been used to study the subsurface of the Seulawah Agam volcano, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Similar to all resistivity methods that are based on measuring the electric field on the surface, the MT commonly contains a static shift problem, which is caused by the heterogeneities near the surface and the different topography of the volcano. The static effect can be expressed as a vertical shift from the apparent resistivity curve. In this study, the apparent resistivity data from the 1D inversion of the Transient Electromagnetic (TEM) method were used to correct the static shift problem in the MT data. Both methods were acquired in the same site at ten stations along with a 12 km distance profile that crosses the Seulawah Agam volcano. The north-south profile of the volcano area appeared to host a geothermal system. The 1D inversion in the TEM data shows a low resistivity layer that indicated a cap rock with a thickness up to 1000 m. The area below the cap rock is estimated to be a reservoir zone while the 2D inversion of MT shows that the deep conductor below 2000 m could be the heat source for the Seulawah Agam geothermal system.