ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN LOW-FREQUENCY ENERGY FACILITIES ON THE RESIDENTIAL ECOLOGICAL ZONE
Keywords:Electric and magnetic fields, Electromagnetic pollution, Environmental monitoring, Geoinformation map
Nowadays, one of the key issues in the ecological field and environmental protection is the influence of the electromagnetic field distribution intensity generated by low-frequency energy objects on the urban system. The purpose of environmental monitoring is to establish sanitary protection zones, taking into account the necessary maximum permissible conditions, during the construction and commissioning of new energy facilities. The agglomeration environment of the Shymkent city in the Republic of Kazakhstan where there is an increased electromagnetic pollution propagation generated by 110 and 220 kV high-voltage lines has been taken as the object under study. At the initial stage, the geometric parameters of power transmission lines have been determined by ground-based laser scanning and were later used in the main calculations to determine the electric and magnetic field distribution intensity. The mirror image method has been used to determine the electric and magnetic field levels in high-voltage transmission lines. As a result of the calculations obtained a geoinformation map was constructed based on the gradient of electric and magnetic fields in the studied territories using the inversely weighted distance method with the use of the ESRI ARC Gis application program. A three-dimensional characteristic is constructed that visually shows the dependence of the time spent by people in the zone of electromagnetic radiation, which depends on the radiated object. This characteristic is a sanitary protection zone that restricts the routing of line workers.