EVALUATION OF POROSITY IN BIOGROUTED SAND USING MICROFOCUS X-RAY CT
Keywords:Sand Solidification, X-ray CT, Ureolytic Bacteria
Biogrouting is a method employed for ground improvement based on microbially induced
calcium carbonate precipitation. It is commonly believed that biogrout has environmental and economic benefits.
However, there remains the need to clearly understand the internal structure of biogrouted soil. In this study, we
use microfocus X-ray computed tomography (CT) to evaluate the porosity in biogrouted sand. X-ray CT is
useful as a non-distractive inspection tool. First, we prepare small specimens using coral sand at different
dilution rates of culture solution. After carrying out a solidification test for 2 wks., we perform an unconfined
compressive strength (UCS) test and measure the porosity of the specimens. Our aim is to investigate the
influence of the dilution rate on the UCS and the porosity of sand specimens. The results show that a lower
dilution rate resulted in a lower sand-specimen porosity and an increase in the UCS. We investigate the
precipitation that fills a void. Then, we investigate the relationship between UCS and the ratio of porosity. There
was a negative correlation between UCS and porosity, which closely agrees with previous research. We confirm
the validity of the result, and we determine the UCS from the porosity.