DEVELOPMENT OF FLORA IN RELATION TO WATER MANAGEMENT IN OBASUTE-OIKE IRRIGATION POND, JAPAN
Keywords:Obaste-oike Irrigation Pond, Water Level, Plant Community, Species Diversity
In order to clarify the factors affecting the species diversity of plant communities around an
irrigation pond, we surveyed Obaste-oike Irrigation Pond in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. The pond is
comprised of three subdivided ponds, Kami-ike, Naka-ike, and Shimo-ike. Despite being adjacent to each
other and connected by streams, the water levels in the three ponds differ. Five plant communities were
studied, and one or two survey plots were selected in each community along each subdivided pond. A 32-m2
quadrat was established in each plot of grassland, and a 400-m2 quadrat was established in each plot of forest.
The results of the distribution of species revealed that approximately 40% of the species were endemic to
each subdivided pond in the terrestrial communities, whereas over 60% were endemic in the hydrophytic
communities. To increase species diversity in irrigation ponds, especially in hyrdophytic communities, we
suggest that dividing the ponds into several zones with distinct water levels and managing them in a
sustainable manner is important.