EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF GEOTECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CRUSHED GLASS MIXED WITH KAOLINITE SOIL
Keywords:Crushed Glass, Geotechnical Characteristics, Kaolinite, Soil Improvement, Clean Material
The Geotechnical properties of adding crushed curbside-collected glass to Kaolinite S300 with
various percentages of 10 to 50% were experimentally evaluated. Crushed glass passing the 2.36 mm (#8)
sieve, and retaining on 1.18 mm (#16) selected for this study is collected from a different area in Johor Bahru,
Malaysia. Measured hydraulic conductivities were on the order of 2.33E-6 and 1.87E-5 for 10% and 50%
respectively. The result shows increment in the maximum dry density from 1.615 3 at 10% to
1.908 mg/m3 at 50% of addition of crushed glass with the optimum moisture content of 18.35% and 7.4%
respectively. Friction angles from the direct shear test were evaluated between 12 to 25 degrees at normal
stresses of 56.4 to 219.9 kPa. The result shows that the unconfined compression strength of Kaolinite S300
mixed with crushed glass is increased from 5.26 kPa at 10% addition of crushed glass up to 17.52 kPa at 50%.
It can be concluded that the crushed glass is environmentally clean, readily available, and relatively low-cost
material that can be one of the replacements for traditional aggregate to enhance the geotechnical properties of
soft cohesive soils.