ASSESSING REFERENCE EVAPOTRANSPIRATION USING PENMAN-MONTEITH AND PAN METHODS IN THE WEST REGION OF AFGHANISTAN
Keywords:Evapotranspiration, Pan evaporation, Error production, Climatic factors
Optimal estimation of reference evapotranspiration is extremely important to calculate irrigation scheduling in Afghanistan. In this study, a measured evapotranspiration from an A-class pan was selected as an index to discuss the error of which was calculated using the Penman-Monteith (FAO-56PM) method in the west region of Afghanistan, which is exposed to extreme climate condition. Results obtained showed thatthe period from June to September was confirmed as extreme, with out-of-normal-range climatic data, for example, high temperature, low humidity, and relatively strong wind speed.While for the rest of the year, they were almost within the normal range of the climatic variables. By comparing the daily average and , the differences between and were significantly large in the period from June to September,while this differentiation was very small outside of this period. By comparing the relationship of error with climatic variables, it wasfound that the relationship of the error with wind speed was strongest compared to the other three variables. The higher the wind, the larger the difference, and vice versa. Therefore, experimentally it was confirmed that this kind of error becomes larger whenis greater than 10 mm d−1.