CONTROLLING THE SETTLEMENT OF THE LOW EMBANKMENT ON SOFT GROUND BY SURCHARGE PRELOADING METHOD
Keywords:Soft soil, Low embankment, Consolidation, Surcharge preloading, Secondary settlement
Preloading with surcharge is the most common technique of ground improvement used in highway engineering. At the end of the preloading period the surcharge load is removed, and most or all of the primary settlement and some of the secondary settlement would have occurred. The soil beneath the embankment becomes over consolidated, resulting in elimination or a huge reduction in post construction settlement. When pre-compression is applied to a relatively free-draining material, consolidation times are short, and therefore primary settlements can be effectively controlled by using a preload equal to the final load over a limited period of time. The subsequent movements associated with unloading/reloading will be small, and will occur rapidly. In these cases, the main source of long-term displacements is likely to be secondary compression settlements. In this paper, laboratory investigation of one-dimensional consolidation of clayey soils were carried out and a formula has been proposed to compute the post-construction settlement of low embankment. The results show that the settlement increases with increasing amplitude of cyclic load, and the effectiveness of surcharge preloading depends on the difference of the surcharge and the amplitude of the cyclic load.