Unique Grout Material Composed of Calcium Phosphate Compounds


  • Satoru Kawasaki
  • Masaru Akiyama


Calcium Phosphate Compound, Grout Material, Unconfined Compressive Strength, Self-setting


To employ calcium phosphate compounds (CPCs) in ground improvement measures such as the reinforcement of soil and rock, we examined suitable conditions for CPC precipitation and performed unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests of sand test pieces cemented by CPC. Two types of phosphate stock solution and two types of calcium stock solution were used to prepare the reaction mixtures and CPC precipitation was confirmed in all reaction mixtures. The volume of CPC precipitation in the mixture increased as the pH rose from strongly acidic to around neutral. The UCS of sand test pieces cemented by 1.5 M diammonium phosphate and 0.75 M calcium acetate tended to increase with time, reaching a maximum of 87.6 kPa. The results indicate the practical feasibility of using unique and new CPC grouts as chemical grouts because of their self-setting property and as biogrouts because of the pH dependence of precipitation.




How to Cite

Satoru Kawasaki, & Masaru Akiyama. (2013). Unique Grout Material Composed of Calcium Phosphate Compounds. GEOMATE Journal, 4(7), 429–435. Retrieved from https://geomatejournal.com/geomate/article/view/1851




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