SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF FA-PC GEOPOYLMER UNDER DIFFERENT SAND TO BINDER RATIOS AND SODIUM HYDROXIDE CONCENTRATIONS
Keywords:Geopolymer, Fly ash-Portland cement blends, Sand to binder ratio, NaOH concentration, Shear bond strength
This paper presents the effects of sand to binder (S/B) ratio and sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
concentration on setting time, compressive strength, and shear bond strength of fly ash (FA)-Portland cement
(PC) geopolymer binder. Geopolymer binder is manufactured from FA and PC at the ratio of 90:10 by weight
of binder. The liquid alkali solution used in this study are sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and sodium silicate
(Na2SiO3) solutions. The Na2SiO3/NaOH ratio of 2.0, liquid alkali solution/binder ratio of 0.60, and curing
at ambient temperature are fixed in all mixes. The differences in NaOH concentrations of 5, 10 and 15M and
S/B ratios of 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 has been investigated. Test results show that the differences of NaOH
concentration and S/B ratio has an effect on setting time, compressive strength and shear bond strength of
FA-PC geopolymer mortar. The setting time of mortars are obviously decreased with increasing of S/B ratio
whereas the setting time of mortars are obviously increased with increasing of NaOH concentration.
The compressive and shear bond strengths of mortars increase as increasing of both S/B ratio and NaOH
concentration up to a threshold limit. The highest slant shear strength between Portland cement concrete
substrate and FA-PC geopolymer mortar is found in the mortar with 1.25 S/B ratio and 10M NaOH
concentration which gives 24.1 MPa.