• Hiroshi Kubo
  • Shinya Inazumi
  • Toshihiko Miura


Cement content, Hydrochloric acid, Soil, Temperature, Dissolution heat


The mixing cement with soft soil to increase their strength has been used in many construction
sites and it is important that soil and cement are well mixed. In order to evaluate the mixing accuracy during
construction, it may be required to measure the cement content by sampling the cement mixed soil. While there
are several methods for measuring cement content, the hydrochloric acid heat reaction (HAHR) method is
easiest and quickest and is relatively high in precision to measure the cement content in fresh concrete.
However, to apply HAHR to the fresh soil cement, there were many questions about a test condition. This
study investigated conditions to apply the HAHR method to cement mixed soil. At first, cement are mixed to
the local soil samples in the ratio of 0 to 10g/100g. Initial temperatures (T0) of the mixed soil and hydrochloric
acid are measured. 100 g of mixed soil is put in an insulated container. 100mL of hydrochloric acid is added,
and reaction temperature (T1) is measured. Relationship of temperature rise (T1-T0) and cement content is a
calibration graph. The relation is proportional. And, the temperature rises are measured about 100g of cement
mixed soil of the site. Its cement content is obtained using the calibration curve. It is optimal to use 6M
hydrochloric acid for this method. It is necessary to examine it with local soil and local cement to prepare a
calibration curve. When the water content ratio of the soil greatly changes, it is necessary for the calibration
curve to be updated. HAHR tests are done in 10 to 60 minutes after having mixed soil and cement in the case
of samples containing a little water. But, in the case of containing much water, the tests are done under the
specified elapsed time. As an example of the result, the cement content of soil can be determined from the
rising temperature of the sample soil.




How to Cite

Hiroshi Kubo, Shinya Inazumi, & Toshihiko Miura. (2018). HYDROCHLORIC ACID HEAT REACTION METHOD TO MEASURE CEMENT CONTENTS IN CEMENT MIXED SOILS. GEOMATE Journal, 15(52), 177–183. Retrieved from https://geomatejournal.com/geomate/article/view/789

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2