LABORATORY EVALUATION OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL VARIATIONS IN BENTONITE UNDER ELECTROKINETIC ENHANCEMENT
Keywords:Electrokinetic, Enhancement solutions, Bentonite, Physico-chemical
When the traditional ground improvement techniques are not practical for a particular situation,
alternative technology, such as electrokinetic (EK) soil treatment can be considered. EK treatment method
involves applying a low direct current (DC) or a low potential gradient to arrays of electrodes inserted in the low
permeable soils simulating migration of electricity, pore water, ions and charged particles across the soil, hence
modifying the physicochemical, mechanical and engineering properties of the soil. This study investigates the
effects of EK treatment on conductance phenomena and physico-chemical changes of bentonite at different
intervals under total applied voltage of 10V subjected to specific types of anode enhancement solutions. The
cumulative electroosmotic flow and electric current through the sample was measured for 15 days of treatment.
The specimens were also tested for moisture content, pH and undrained shear strength variations over different
time periods of 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 days showing good correlations between the soil parameters.