COMPARATIVE STUDY ON KOREA AND JAPAN URBAN PARKS CONCERNING THE DEVELOPMENT POLITICS AND TRANSITION OF SYSTEM
Keywords:Urban Park,, Comparison, Development Politics, Korea and Japan
Urban parks are open space with trees that provides a place of relaxation and peace for residence. Urban parks have been rapidly constructed in Korea since the Seoul Olympics (1988). On the other hand, In Japan the supply of urban parks is sufficient, and the maintenance and utilization of park that have been stocked during the period of high growth has become a problem. We thought it necessary to compare the parks of Korea and Japan during the period when the environment changed significantly after the Seoul Olympics. This purpose of study is to clarify the characteristics of Korea and Japan parks by comparing them. As a result of this study, the following features were clarified. In the transition of urban park politics, we found that there are similarities in responding to issues such as "diversifying needs", "park master plan", and "private entry". In both Korea and Japan, the important direction of future park policy is considered to be “use and maintenance”.